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Nagoya Protocol Committee Adopts Recommendations on Future Work.

Wednesday, 18 July 2012
The Second Meeting of the Open-ended Ad Hoc Intergovernmental Committee for the Nagoya Protocol (ICNP) on Access to Genetic Resources and the Fair and Equitable Sharing of Benefits Arising from their Utilization (ABS) to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) was held from 2-6 July 2012, in New Delhi, India. The meeting was co-organized by the Secretariats of the CBD and the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (ITPGR).

The Meeting prepared the implementation and entry into force of the Nagoya Protocol by identifying questions requiring clarification at the international level. The Protocol was adopted by the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity at its tenth meeting on 29 October 2010 in Nagoya, Japan. Although entry into force is expected* to take at least another two years many countries showcased legislative and policy developments underscoring that the Protocol has had a major impact on the domestic level. Participants discussed the need for consistent funding to support these initiatives, and for clarifying the role of the Global Environment Facility (GEF) in this regard.

During the Meeting it was noticed that several terms of the legal text would need a more profound analysis - while additional efforts are required to reach common understanding and clarification regarding the ABS clearing-house and its role in the internationally recognized certificate of compliance.

ICNP 2 adopted eight recommendations on:
  1. modalities of operation of the ABS clearing-house,
  2. measures to assist in capacity building,
  3. capacity development and strengthening of human and institutional capacities in developing countries,
  4. measures to raise awareness of the importance of genetic resources and associated traditional knowledge,
  5. cooperative procedures and institutional mechanisms to promote compliance with the Protocol and address cases of non-compliance,
  6. the need for, and modalities of, a global multilateral benefit-sharing mechanism (Article 10),
  7. guidance for the financial mechanism and for resource mobilization for the Protocol’s implementation, and
  8. future work in preparation for the first meeting of the Conference of the Parties serving as the Meeting of the Parties to the Protocol (COP/MOP 1).
Finally, the Meeting provided the opportunity for developing countries e.g. the ‘African Group’ to demonstrate the need for financial support so that they will be able to adapt their legal framework to the obligations of the Nagoya Protocol and create the appropriate background for ratifying and implementing it.


* Article 33, paragraph 1(Entry Into Force): This Protocol shall enter into force on the ninetieth day after the date of deposit of the fiftieth instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession by States or regional economic integration organizations that are Parties to the Convention.
Source: The Protocol has received 92  signatures and 5 ratifications to date.

Sources: CBD, IISD Reporting Services
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