The Nagoya Protocol on Access to Genetic Resources and the Fair and Equitable Sharing of Benefits Arising from their Utilization to the Convention on Biological Diversity (hereinafter the Nagoya Protocol) and the Nagoya-Kuala Lumpur Supplementary Protocol on Liability and Redress to the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety (hereinafter the Supplementary Protocol) were closed for signature and have received 92 and 51 signatures respectively. It is noteworthy that 16 countries have become signatories to the Nagoya Protocol in the last eight days of signature whereas the Supplementary Protocol received 14 more signatures since the beginning of this year.
The Nagoya Protocol currently has 92 signatories. The Protocol was closed for signature on 1 February 2012 and, according to its Article 33, it will enter into force 90 days after the deposit of the fiftieth instrument of ratification. Two countries, Gabon and Jordan, have so far ratified the Protocol. Those Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity that were not able to sign the Protocol by 1 February 2012 are invited to accede to it by depositing an instrument of accession with the Depositary, according to Article 33 of the Protocol.
Ahmed Djoghlaf, retiring Executive Secretary to the Convention on Biological Diversity, noted: “The signature of these 91 countries and the European Union effectively demonstrates that the international community is committed to early entry into force of this unique legal instrument at the service of sustainable development. I call on all Parties who have not yet done so to expedite their internal procedure of ratification in 2012, which coincides with the twentieth anniversary of the opening of signature of the Convention for Life on Earth.”
The Supplementary Protocol was closed for signature on 7 March 2012 with a total of 51 signatories. Article 18 states that it will enter into force when 40 Parties to the Biosafety Protocol ratify it. To date, two countries, Latvia and the Czech Republic, have ratified the Supplementary Protocol. Parties to the Biosafety Protocol that were not able to sign the Supplementary Protocol by 6 March 2012 can become a Party to the Supplementary Protocol by depositing an instrument of accession with the Depositary according to Article 18 of the Protocol.
The new Executive Secretary of the Convention on Biological Diversity, Mr. Braulio Ferreira de Souza Dias, stated: “I congratulate the 50 countries and the European Union that have signed this important treaty and the two countries that have already ratified it. With this commitment demonstrated by Parties from all the geographic regions, I am hopeful for an early entry into force of the Supplementary Protocol.”
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